• Biophotons -Ultraweak photon emission - are largely generated by the polarization of the intra and extra cellular matrix as well as the mitochondrial respiratory processes.
  • High mitochondrial concentrations are found in areas of high energetic expenditure, skin, muscles, and nerves.
  • Changes in biophotonic activity have been indicative of physiological and pathological conditions.
  • Biophotons via mitochondrial activity play an important role in the function of the nervous system, via the quantum nature of whole body communication.
  • The mitochondrial activity is strongly linked to CNS function. The strength of the EBG measurement provides an indication for the function of the autonomic nervous system and the body’s overall electro-physiology.

Mitochondria –Biophoton Emission - Respiration – Redox

Visual perception and imagery: A new molecular hypothesis
I. Bókkon, Semmelweis University, Doctoral School of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences, Láng E. 68, H-1238 Budapest, Hungary
Redox molecular hypothesis about the natural biophysical substrate of visual perception and visual imagery.  Based on the redox and bioluminescent processes of neuronal cells in retinotopically organized cytochromeoxidase-rich visual areas. Our hypothesis is inline with the functional roles of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species in living cells that are not part of haphazard process, but rather a very strict mechanism used in signaling pathways. We point out that there is a direct relationship between neuronal activity and the biophoton emission process in the brain. Electrical and biochemical processes in the brain represent sensory information from the external world. During encoding or retrieval of information, electrical signals of neurons can be converted into synchronized biophoton signals by bioluminescent radical and non-radical processes. Therefore, information in the brain appears not only as an electrical (chemical) signal but also as a regulated biophoton (weak optical) signal inside neurons.

Mitochondria Produce Biophoton Emission

J Integr Neurosci. 2011 Mar;10(1):65-88.

Emission of mitochondrial biophotons and their effect on electrical activity of membrane via microtubules.
Rahnama M1, Tuszynski JA, Bókkon I, Cifra M, Sardar P, Salari V.

In this paper we argue that, in addition to electrical and chemical signals propagating in the neurons of the brain, signal propagation takes place in the form of biophoton production. This statement is supported by recent experimental confirmation of photon guiding properties of a single neuron. We have investigated the interaction of mitochondrial biophotons with microtubules from a quantum mechanical point of view. Our theoretical analysis indicates that the interaction of biophotons and microtubules causes transitions/fluctuations of microtubules between coherent and incoherent states. A significant relationship between the fluctuation function of microtubules and alpha-EEG diagrams is elaborated on in this paper. We argue that the role of biophotons in the brain merits special attention. © Imperial College Press

Can we track the communication?
  • Your finger is placed on the surface of the transparent electrode.
  • Your tissue interacts with the high frequency electromagnetic field generated at the electrode surface
  • Your tissue is also electromagnetic in nature consisting of tiny electrical charges and light particles (biophotons) which are excited by the electrode, and when a certain maximum is reached by these energies, the air in combination with your energy is enough to burst the air molecules around your finger  
  •  A plasma is created - the plasma is the result of air molecules excited to such a state that they burst - Ionize-emitting light - the purple glow.
  • "Plasma (from Ancient Greek πλάσμα, meaning "moldable substance"[1]) is a state of matter in which an ionised gaseous substance becomes highly electrically conductive to the point that long-range electric and magnetic fields dominate the behavior of the matter. It is one of the four fundamental states of matter, and was first described by chemist Irving Langmuir[2] in the 1920s.[3]. Unlike the other three states of solid, liquid, and gas, plasma does not freely exist on the Earth under normal surface conditions, and can only be artificially generated by heating neutral gases or by subjecting that gas to a strong electromagnetic field.[4]"Wkipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasma_(physics)
  • At a particular time an image is captured via the camera and it is these images that are a measure of the electromagnetic nature of your tissue.
  • The amount of light produced in this process has been assessed to be proportional to electrical as well as electromagnetic properties (biophotonic emission/excitation) of the tissues, not only local to the finger but throughout the electrophysiology of the body including the autonomic nervous system.

Energy Production in the Human Body

The Engines in your Cells
The human body is composed of approximately one hundred trillion cells. The cells, like mini-engines, are powered by fuel from the nutrients we eat,  mixed with oxygen in the air we breathe, and sparked by the electrons stored in the cell batteries, mitochondria, which drive all of our metabolic processes. Each cell is designed to perform different functions, all working in concert to impel life in the body. Every cell in your body is powered by the mini-engines and thus the cell batteries, called mitochondria, except red blood cells.  No matter the specific cellular function, each cell is powered by the same process.Your red blood cells are created by the marrow in in your bones, and are the carriers of the nutrients, and oxygen that each cell needs to thrive. The blood cells are also responsible for carrying the toxins out of the cells and move them to the areas of the body responsible for toxin and waste removal, like the intestines, kidneys, and liver. 

How the energy factories recharge the energy carriers

All cells with a nucleus contain mitochondria which are the energy factories or powerhouses of the cell. Mitochondria,  are responsible for creating over 90% of energy needed by the body to sustain life and support growth. Not only do they generate energy in the form of ATP, but they also regulate numerous cellular functions relevant to cell outcome, such as cell death, generation of oxidative free radicals, and calcium homeostasis. Mitochondria can also be a major source of reactive oxygen species (ROS).

Cellular Respiration and the importance of Oxygen

Cellular Respiration is the process mitochondria use to make energy. Mitochondria in our body combine sugar and oxygen to make the molecule ATP and carbon dioxide. Within the mitochondria, water, oxygen, glucose and other molecules are used to create the components of energy ADP, and ATP.  ATP is like a battery that stores energy to do work while ADP's are the uncharged batteries that need to be recharged into ATP. In the process of ATP production, oxygen acts as an acceptor for electrons and hydrogen, forming water in the cell. In the energy cycle a oxygen has a powerful attraction for electrons and is used to recharge the ADPs (think of them as flat batteries) turning them into ATPs (charged up batteries). Oxygen has a powerful pull on electrons generated by the mitochondria, and uses most of the energy in the fuel molecules to push the hydrogen ions through the cell ATP synthase enzymes, recharging the flat battery (ADP) into a charged battery (ATP) by adding a phosphate ion to it. Without oxygen the cell can only make 2 ATPs for every sugar molecule metabolized. With oxygen the same cell can produce 38 ATPs from each sugar molecule.

Cell Batteries

Cells maintain a voltage across their membrane. Each cell is designed to have a positive charge on the outside and a negative charge on the inside. The outside is charged with sodium ions, while the inside of the cell is charged with potassium ions. The two charges are separated by the cell membrane which serves as an insulator. Within the cell are ion pumps which pump ions into and out of the cell through the cell membrane. More potassium ions are pumped into the cell while sodium ions are pumped out of the cell, positively charging the cell. The difference in electrical potential (voltage) across the membrane is referred to as trans-membrane potential (TMP). This process of charging the cells creates a second type of “cell battery” or energy storage, remembering that ATP is the first form of energy. Cells will lose energy due to the aging process, stress, unhealthy diet, and the toxic environment we live in. According to Nobel Prize Laureate, Dr. Otto Warburg, healthy people had cell voltages of 70-100 mV, people with chronic illnesses had cell voltages between 30-50 mV, whereas cancer patients displayed cell voltages less than 15-20 mV. Diminished cellular voltage has a direct correlation to disease and sickness. Cancer cannot thrive in highly charged cells. Cancer of the heart, is extremely rare, as it is the muscle that has the highest voltage of any organ in the body.

What if there isn't enough oxygen - Anaerobic respiration

Cells will still create energy without oxygen in a process called anaerobic respiration. This process is extremely inefficient, producing only 2 ATP for every molecule of sugar processed (aerobic respiration produces 38). Anaerobic respiration also creates toxic byproducts such as lactic acid and slows down the body’s ability to heal itself as infections occur more easily in an acidic environment that lacks oxygen. If the body is not delivering enough oxygen for the mitochondria to create ATP then it will result in fermentation. An athlete will experience “cramps” because the cells are inefficiently producing ATP with lactic acid as a byproduct. Disease thrives in an acidic environment, promoting infection and slowing down the healing process.

EMG, electromyography is an electrodiagnostic medicine technique for evaluating and recording the electrical activity produced by skeletal muscles. EMG is performed using an instrument called an electromyograph to produce a record called an electromyogram. An electromyograph detects the electric potential generated by muscle cells when these cells are electrically or neurologically activated. The signals can be analyzed to detect medical abnormalities, activation level, or recruitment order, or to analyze the biomechanics of human or animal movement.

Historically We Know That Body Voltage Dictates Health and Disease States

EKG - is the recognized Standard of Care measurement for assessing the electrical signals of the heart.

How can we tell if our Mitochondria are functioning in tip top shape?

With the EBG it's now possible!

Historically biophoton production and its measurement have only been able to take place in the laboratory. It is laborious and needs strict conditions to measure the light prodcution accurately.  With the EBG we now have a way to measure biophoton production in a relative manner - light is produced via the interaction of the biophoton field of the body, and captured via the HAWK measurement.

Biophoton emission, the spontaneous emission of light (photons) emanating from all living systems including humans, is biochemically distinct from bioluminescence, which is generally visible and involves specialized enzymatic mechanisms. Although biophoton emission is described to be less than 1000 photons per second per cm and are not visible to the naked eye, recent advances in photo-detection make it possible to analyze biophoton emission. Biophoton emission is found in oxidative metabolism in mitochondria, free radical reactions with biomolecules, proteins, and DNA. Biophoton emission has been known to be related to the generation of ROS (reactive oxygen species), and therefore could be used as a tool for the investigation of oxidative stress. Boveris and Cadenas were the first to demonstrate the potential usefulness of biophoton detection for non-invasive monitoring of oxidative metabolism and oxidative damage in living tissue. Several studies repeatedly illustrate that the intensity of photon emission changes in a state of disease and that disease cells emit significantly more biophotons than healthy cells. It has also been shown that changes in biophotonic activity are indicative of changes in mitochondrial ATP energy production manifested in physiological and pathological conditions. Biophoton emission has also been found to be an expression of cell-to-cell communication reflective of the functional state of the living organism, and its measurement can be used to assess this state. Over decades of research in this area, several studies have made progress in investigating human biophoton emission in both basic and applied research. Clinically relevant in vivo human biophoton detection is currently being studied; however, the numbers of studies and human subjects have been limited. Although the use of biophoton emission for diagnostic and treatment purposes is in its infancy, the EBG and its relative measure of biophoton emission has demonstrated the ability to detect several components of different disease states.

The EBG  a non-invasive, electrophysiological measurement tool has the ability to determine autonomic response and physical response indicators by measuring the electrophysiological signals associated with human body systems. It has been scientifically proven that every cell in the body emits more than 100,000 light impulses or photons per second. These light emissions, otherwise known as biophotons, have been found to be the steering mechanism behind all biochemical reactions. Unlike other bio-impedance devices, such as the electrocardiogram (ECG) and the electroencephalogram (EEG), that measures the electrophysiology of the heart and brain, the EBG measures electromagnetic energy at a smaller scale through excitation and amplification of biophotons. It has been demonstrated that biophoton emission is strongest in the hands. It has also been demonstrated that if a disease is present, biophotonic imbalances are emitted between left and right hands, further suggesting diagnostic potential. The EBG taps into the global electromagnetic holographic communication systemof the body via the fingertips. The fingers are a highly refined component of the peripheral nervous system; therefore, due to the high energy expenditures of the nerves throughout the body, they require higher proportionate numbers of mitochondria. Through measuring mitochondrial respiration via biophoton detection and electrical conduction, the EBG has the capability to quantify electrophysiological biophoton activity as it relates to the metabolic function of forty-nine (49) identified organ systems.

Each portion of the graph is a different impulse measured by the heart and its rhythm.

EEG  is the ElectroEncephlogram - is the process of electrophysiological monitoring method to record electrical activity of the brain. With the electrodes placed along the scalp the EEG measures voltage fluctuations resulting from ionic current within the neurons of the brain.

Cell to cell communication by biophotons has been demonstrated in plants, bacteria, animal neutrophil granulocytes and kidney cells. Such communication has also been demonstrated in neural cells. Biophotonic activities in rat spinal nerve roots in vitro have been investigated. It was found that different spectral light stimulation (infrared, red, yellow, blue, green and white) at one end of the spinal sensory or motor nerve roots resulted in a significant increase in the biophotonic activity at the other end.  Further study may provide a better understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of neural communication, the functions of the nervous system, such as vision, learning and memory, as well as the mechanisms of human neurological diseases.

If you haven't had an EKG, you proably didn't know that the measurement leads are placed at multiple locations - not just your chest over the heart - the leads measure the potential of the heart impulse across the body.

It All Comes Down to


EBG Becoming the new Standard for measuring the Body's Voltage!

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Electromagnetic Man – Biophoton emission is correlated to resistance values of the skin, but even to the distribution function of electric parameters of the skin.

"A surprising, but according to our previous results not completely unexpected new discovery is a recent observation that biophoton emission of the human body is significantly correlated to the electrical parameters of the body´s skin. This doesn't hold only for the resistance (conductivity-) values, but even for the agreement (or deviations) of the distribution function of skin-resistance values to (or from) a Gaussian- oder Lognormal- distribution."

(F.A.Popp, Y.Yan. A.Popp, E.Humt and S.Cohen)

EKG (also known as ECG) is the ElectroCardioGram - is the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart over a period of time using electrodes placed on the skin -typically across the chest, the wrists, and the ankles.

Biophoton measurement is a link to discovering how our body's energy production is working - or not working as the case may be! Biophoton measurements have been relatedd to skin resistance, and with the EBG we are able to link this information to gain insight into our physiological processes -and the literal creation of light and energy within the body.

And Now we have the EBG- a ElectroBodyGraph

Ongoing research into the ionization/plasma production phenomena which includes variables such as resistance, potential, impedance, and biophoton relationships suggests that EBG is a complex process which offers huge potentials in future research for a variety of areas related to health and wellbeing. A component of the theory behind EBG says that skin resistance varies with the amount of light produced around the finger from the skin.  Sweating, can play a role in the measurements made by the EBG, as the sweat will prevent the creation of the light, and is controlled by the sympathetic nervous system. The overall skin conductance/ (amount of light created by the EBG measurement) can serve as an indication of psychological or physiological change. If the sympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system is heightened in response, then sweat gland activity also increases, which in turn increases skin conductance, preventing air ionization, thus creating dark areas within the captured images. In this way, electrical properties of the tissue/skin can be a measure of emotional and sympathetic response. 

What if our mitochondria dysfunction?

Mitochondrial dysfunction has been associated with a wide range of physiological disorders. Diseases such as cardiomyopathy and hypertension can result from mitochondrial dysfunction, just two examples of many chronic disease states that arise from mitochondrial distress.  Mitochondria are susceptible to damage created by a variety of sources . Studies are beginning to illustrate that mitochondria not only appear susceptible to damage mediated by increased oxidative stress but also play a significant role in the regulation of cardiovascular cell function. Oxygen  metabolism by the mitochondria via biophoton emission, is linked to increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and overall oxidative stress. Oxidative stress and increased biophoton production has been linked to physiological changes and disease development within the body.

C is for light - and the 2 means its multiplied twice - doubly important - the body is a moving energetic light mass - it uses light as its messenger throughout the body, the mind, and our connection to higher realms of knowing.  We are energetic light beings that exchange information both locally and non-locally. When we become deficient in this vital exchange - disease can set it.

M is mass - our body is the mass we produce and feed with our energy

Stay Tuned for new information on the Primo Vascular System, Traditional Chinese Medicine, and the EBG!

BioPhoton – visible “packets” of light energy
emitted from living organisms (Cohen and Popp,
1997); electromagnetic  radiation which can
be quantified similarly to ECG
, but on a smaller
scale (Hossu and Rupert, 2006); significantly
higher amounts of Biophoton activity in the
(Kim et al.,2002); represents diagnostic potential
(Yang JM, et al., 2004)

E is energy - Where we do get it from? Breathing, Eating and Drinking - the better quality of all three will create higher quality for our body to use!

  • Water
  • Oxygen
  • Food
Light Medicine